The United Kingdom or UK is a sovereign country located in northwestern Europe. It consists of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. With a population of over 67 million people, it has a rich and diverse history. It spans over thousands of years, contributing to science, literature, music, and culture. The United Kingdom has a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government, and founded the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, NATO, and the European Union (until Brexit in 2020). London, its capital city, serves as a global center for finance, culture, and commerce, attracting visitors from all over the world. The country’s landscape includes rugged coastlines, rolling hills, and picturesque countryside. This makes it a popular destination for outdoor enthusiasts and nature lovers.