Africa is the world’s second-largest continent and second-most populated continent, after Asia. It spans 6 percent of the Earth’s total surface area and 20% of its land area, with a total size of 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles), including nearby islands. With 1.3 billion people as of 2018, it makes up around 16% of the global population. Africa’s population is the youngest of the continents, with a median age of 19.7 in 2012, compared to a global median age of 30.4. Africa is the poorest continent per capita despite abundant natural resources, owing to topographical constraints, the legacy of European colonialism in Africa and the Cold War, predatory/neo-colonialistic operations by Western nations and China, and undemocratic governance regressive policies. Despite its low wealth concentration, Africa is an important economic market from the global perspective due to recent economic development and a large and young population.
Data collected from Wikipedia