Germany, the Federal Republic of Germany officially is a country located in Central Europe. The country has a population of over 83 million people. It covers an area of 357,022 square kilometers (137,847 sq mi). It is the second-most populous country in Europe, following Russia, and the most populous member state of the European Union. The country borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, and France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands to the west. Berlin is the nation’s capital and largest city. While Frankfurt is its financial center. On the other hand, the Ruhr is the most extensive urban area.